Advanced Topic Accelerating Flow with DevSecOps and the Software Factory

Engineers should also develop their general understanding of security topics by regularly reading security blogs or getting security certifications. Tech leads should set expectations that team members make security a priority and lead by example, which can help teams build cultures where people are proactive about identifying possible security concerns. It’s the constant practice of taking security seriously, more than anything else, that prevents security checks from getting pushed to the end of development cycles.

devsecops software development

In DevSecOps, developers are encouraged to engage with security issues throughout a project’s lifetime, beginning with the design phase and continuing on through code releases. DevOps practices are designed to speed and streamline development processes through collaboration and automation. DevSecOps is a software development practice that adds cybersecurity to DevOps, which is itself a combination of software development and IT operations . Before the advent of DevOps, developers wrote code and turned it over to IT operations teams, which handled the process of deploying it onto production systems.

For example, any differences in configuration between the production environment and the previous staging and development environments should be thoroughly reviewed. Production TLS and DRM certificates should be validated and reviewed for upcoming renewal. Developers regularly install and build upon third-party code dependencies, which may be from an unknown or untrusted source. External code dependencies may accidentally or maliciously include vulnerabilities and exploits. During the build phase, it is critical to review and scan these dependencies for any security vulnerabilities. Software composition analysis can be applied holistically to confirm that any open-source dependencies have compatible licenses and are free of vulnerabilities.

DevSecOps is a methodology that integrates security assessments and considerations into the development and operations processes, improving overall efficiency and reducing potential vulnerabilities. By reducing silos and involving all team members in the security process, DevSecOps helps to prevent errors and ensure that digital systems are secure. In an increasingly digital world, DevSecOps offers a solution to the growing threat of cyber-attacks and data breaches.

A comprehensive test suite takes a considerable amount of time to execute. This phase should fail fast so that the more expensive test tasks are left for the end. While the number of security breaches and cyber-attacks is increasing, there is a shortage of qualified cybersecurity engineers. The low availability of security professionals is a challenge that disproportionately affects low- and mid-level organizations. Software development companies can deliver code in small pieces to ensure vulnerabilities are spotted quickly.

This involves auditing API keys and access tokens so that the owners have limited access. Without this audit, an attacker may find a key that has access to unintended areas of the system. The test phase is triggered after a build artifact is created and successfully deployed to staging or testing environments.

DevSecOps vs DevOps

Once the deployment artifact passes the first battery of integration tests, it moves on to the next stage of integration testing. Now it will be deployed to a wider sandbox, a limited copy of the eventual production environment. At this stage, further security integration testing can be performed, albeit with a different objective. The difference between DevOps and DevSecOps is, to put it simply, the culture of shared responsibility. DevOps is a concept that has been talked about and written about for over a decade, and many definitions of DevOps have emerged. At its core, DevOps is an organizational paradigm that aligns development and operations practices as a shared responsibility.

  • Integrating the IDE plug-in to the static code analysis backend makes usage simpler by registering reviewed false positives to avoid repetition.
  • Learn how to apply agile methodologies to the development of cloud-native apps and the key changes required to meet the high-bar of an elite performer.
  • Unless you can’t train your existing people effectively or your developers aren’t interested in making the DevSecOps shift, you don’t have to put on your hiring cap just yet.
  • That, in turn, lets teams release code more often — sometimes multiple releases in a single day.
  • Although automated tools can’t find every vulnerability, they can find common ones that many attackers scan for across the Internet.
  • The later that a vulnerability is detected in the SDLC, the greater the cost to the organization.

The security community provides guidelines and recommendations on best practices for hardening your infrastructure, such as the Center for Internet Security benchmarks and NIST configuration checklists. So how can an organization make the evolutionary climb from “DevOps” to “DevSecOps”? It’s not as simple as just handing an already busy DevOps team a set of security KPIs and calling it a day. With hands-on training sessions and certification courses, organizations can develop their capabilities and equip their teams with the necessary domain knowledge.

This tool helps developers deliver secure, reliable applications by incorporating code security analysis and testing into the development process. DevSecOps is the practice of integrating security into the software delivery model that combines project management workflows with automated IT tools. Its foundation is a culture in which development and operations are empowered to share responsibility for delivering secure software through processes and tooling. DevOps is an approach to software development that centers on three pillars—organizational culture, process, and technology and tools.

Security monitoring uses analytics to instrument and monitor critical security-related metrics. For example, these tools flag requests to sensitive public endpoints, like user account access forms or database endpoints. Some examples of popular runtime defense tools include Imperva RASP, Alert Logic, andHalo. If the previous phases pass successfully, it’s time to deploy the build artifact to production. The security areas of concern to address during the deploy phase are those that only happen against the live production system.

By team size

In the case of open source and other third-party components, SCA tools are used to identify vulnerabilities and license concerns. The OWASP DevSecOps Maturity Model provides opportunities to harden your software development and shows what should be prioritized. End-to-end encryption is the most secure method of transferring confidential data at the moment, which is why an increasing number of communication services are adopting it. Monitor all privileged user access to files and databases, audit new user creation and privilege grants, and restrict the use of shared-privileged accounts. Define security acceptance test criteria and threat models for known vulnerabilities.

It also raises and broadens the skillset for the entire team as teammates learn from each other, especially when pairs change over time or severity experts temporarily join a team. Threat modeling analyzes a system to answer vulnerability questions such as, Where am I most vulnerable to attack? The practice applies too late in the pipeline and delays feedback, so we want to shift it left. Reading the table, for a product with low security requirements maturity level 1 or level 2 is acceptable. For a product with high security requirements , we need to apply maturity level 4.

Scope and high-level architecture of a software factory

We led the development of the infrastructure used to build one of our nation’s missile defense next generation platforms—securing the development infrastructure of the systems that protect our homeland. An effective DevSecOps program has security champions in each team and in management. This approach ensures that each team has the resources that it needs to do its job, and management support empowers the security champions to fulfill their role. Adopting the mindsets and philosophies of DevSecOps is an important step towards shifting security left. However, a DevSecOps program is only effective if developers and security personnel have access to the right tools.

Does the application log relevant security and performance metrics correctly? As DevSecOps firmly makes its case, we believe more and more organizations will be drawn towards it in the future and make DevOps a part of a more prominent DevSecOps approach. Moreover, more automation will be introduced to simplify DevSecOps adoption. If coupled with other offerings, implementing DevSecOps will no longer be a chore. Traditionally, only a handful of experts had a say in matters of security.

Automated scans can be initiated as part of code check-ins, builds, releases, or other components of the CI/CD pipeline. By integrating with tools developers are already using, dev teams can more easily improve the security aspect of web application development. DevOps is a relatively new approach that emphasizes collaboration between developers and operations teams. The goal of DevOps is to improve the speed and efficiency of software development by streamlining the process from start to finish.

The advent of virtualization means organizations no longer have to waste their resources to maintain large data centers. Instead, in the event of any threats, they can simply scale the IT infrastructure to manage them. Deployment is usually carried out through IaC tools, as they automate the process and accelerate the pace of software delivery. The next step is testing, wherein the robust automated testing framework inculcates strong testing practices into the pipeline.

Implementing DevSecOps is also difficult because it invariably upends the traditional notions of how, when, and where security controls should be integrated into the software. Automation is a cornerstone of DevSecOps because it helps ensure that security is baked into the SDLC process and becomes part of the workflow. In so doing, it solidifies the notion that security is an integral part of software development and not an afterthought. On the other hand, turning on checks for a slew of security problems could very well be overwhelming and ultimately counterproductive. For one, too many alerts and unearthed vulnerabilities at once mean development teams are suddenly inundated with an outsized number of security tickets in their queue. This would consequently make it difficult to resolve them all over a short sprint, fueling frustration and reluctance with the process.

Who is a DevOps engineer?

Since traditional security approaches cannot keep up with the increasing complexity of cyber-threats, it is crucial to assign a new role to application security. A modern-day software development method that does this best is DevSecOps. When it comes to improving efficiencies and streamlining processes, DevOps and DevSecOps have a lot in common.

devsecops software development

The whole setup can be integrated into the larger factory services for standard monitoring, backup, disaster recovery, and resource optimization via infrastructure on demand , and a service portal. To explain the approach, we use static code analysis practices as an example, but this can be applied to any other practice as well. It broadens processes to include applications and infrastructure in the entire development lifecycle. Coding performed in a fortified production environment ensures high resistance to security vulnerabilities and high-performance applications. However, when a company decides to give it a pass, it shoots itself in the foot and risks losing expensive data. It is, hence, vital that developers must secure their code, no matter how much time and effort it necessitates.

Throughout the development cycle, the code is reviewed, audited, scanned, and tested for security issues. Security problems are fixed before additional dependencies are introduced. Security issues become less expensive to fix when protective technology is identified and implemented early in the cycle. Developers need to be involved in the process of finding the right SAST tools for their company’s technology stack, as well as monitoring whether those tools are effective for their languages and applications. For instance, developers can check whether a tool flags too many false positives, like warnings about SQL injection vulnerabilities where they don’t exist.

It’s a mindset that is so important, it led some to coin the term “DevSecOps” to emphasize the need to build a security foundation into DevOps initiatives. Learn how Artificial Intelligence for IT Operations uses data and machine learning to improve and automate IT service management. DevSecOps should be the natural incorporation of security controls into your development, delivery, and operational processes. At Teleport, teams go through a process known as “request for discussion” to evaluate the potential problems team members can foresee about an upcoming project, Lin said. Engineers at all levels look over a project document, which addresses the project’s purpose and scope, and opens up the floor for discussion. As companies adopt these changes, developers’ roles have changed as well.

Adherence to coding standards can help developers write clean and secure code. The real purpose of DevOps is to drive the speed of the software development process, and speed shouldn’t be hampered by tagging the element of security along. Integrating security tests and controls—backed by automation—early in the development cycle helps companies ensure that applications are delivered as quickly as possible. Aqua Platform from Aqua Security is an application security tool for containers and their infrastructures designed to prevent intrusions and vulnerabilities throughout the DevSecOps pipeline. Aqua implements runtime security processes and controls and focuses on vulnerabilities related to network access and application images.

Running the code in an isolated container sandbox allows for automated testing of things like network calls, input validation, and authorization. These tests generate fast feedback, enabling quick iteration and triage of any issues that are identified, causing minimal disruption to the overall stream. If things like unexplained network calls or unsanitized input occur, the tests fail, and the pipeline generates actionable feedback in the form of reporting and notifications to the relevant teams. To integrate security objectives early in the development of an application, start before the first line of code is ever written. Security can integrate and begin effective threat modeling during the initial concept of the system, application, or individual user story. Static analysis, linters, and policy engines can be run any time a developer checks in code, ensuring that any low-hanging fruit is dealt with before the changes move further upstream.